Як утворюється Past Perfect

Як утворюється Past Perfect

В англійській мові Past Perfect не самий поширений час, але знати його потрібно обов’язково, так як грамотна усна і письмова мова — це показник Ваших знань. До того ж, Вам не важко буде запам’ятати, як утворюється цей час: просто використовуйте минулу форму дієслова ‘have’ і дієприкметник минулого часу.

  • I had been (I’d been)
  • You had gone (you’d gone)
  • She had met (she’d met)
  • He had played (he’d played)
  • It had rained (it’d rained)
  • We had bought (we’d bought)
  • They had studied (they’d studied)

Коротка форма для ‘had’ пишеться як ‘d .

(Будьте обережні, щоб не переплутати коротку форму слова ‘would’. За Would завжди йде інфінітив — ‘I’d go’, а за had в короткій формі дієприкметник минулого часу — ‘I’d gone’). Щоб удосконалити свої знання, радимо звернутися до послуг репетитора з англійської мови.

 past-perfect-grammar

Щоб утворити негативну форму, додайте ‘not’ після ‘had’:

  • I had not been (I hadn’t been)
  • You had not gone (you hadn’t gone)
  • She had not met (she hadn’t met)
  • He had not played (he hadn’t played)
  • It had not rained (it hadn’t rained)
  • We had not bought (we hadn’t bought)
  • They had not studied (they hadn’t studied)

Щоб скласти «Так \ Ні питання» , поставте ‘had’ перед підметом:

  • Had I come?
  • Had you eaten?
  • Had she gone?
  • Had it rained?
  • Had he studied?
  • Had we met?
  • Had they left?

Для питань з питальним словом , поставте питальне слово на початку пропозиції:

  • When had I come?
  • Why had you eaten?
  • Where had she gone?
  • When had it rained?
  • Why had he studied?
  • How had we met?
  • When had they left?
Top